Mental Health Month 2020
It is a very important aspect of a healthy life. It may be composed of emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Mental health may affect thinking patterns, and how we act in some situations in our lives. It also determines how we control the states of stress and make choices. It is important throughout all stages of life from childhood to the adult stage.
Mental Health Month 2020
It is going to be celebrated in May. Several activities are conducted during these days of mental health month with different themes. The purpose of setting this mental health month’s calendar is to spread awareness and to educate the public about different mental diseases like Depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. Mental health illnesses may precipitate suicidal attempts, so with these awareness campaigns, attention is drawn to these issues.
In the world, many people have mental problems at different times. But if there exist some persistent stress and disturbance in normal functions, this may become a mental illness. Mental disorders may affect normal feelings, mood, and behavior. These disorders may be for short term or long term ( chronic).
Symptoms of mental diseases may differ, depending on the disorders, situations, and some other factors. Some of the examples of signs and symptoms include:
- Feelings of sadness
- Focus problems
- Feeling of guiltiness
- Mood swings
- Social Isolation
- Eating habits changes
- Loss of libido
- Increase anger
- Suicidal Thoughts
What are the Causes of Mental Disorders?
Mental disorders are caused by various genetic and environmental factors. Some of these factors have been discussed here;
There are some chemicals in our brain that convey messages from the brain to the body and vice versa. These signals are called neurotransmitters. When the signaling process of these chemicals is disturbed, the function of nerve receptors might get changed. This change may lead to conditions like depression and other emotional disorders.
Pre Birth Exposure
The pre-birth exposure to some environmental stressing factors, inflammatory conditions, and drugs while in the womb can cause mental illnesses.
The mental disorder is an inherited property, if the blood relatives have a history of mental disorders there are more chances of these illnesses in offspring. Some genes may elevate the risk of getting a mental illness.
Some important factors can elevate the risk of development of mental health issues, these may include;
- Family history of mental illness.
- Stress elevating factors like financial problems, death of any loved one.
- Any comorbidities, like diabetes.
- Damage caused by brain trauma or injury.
- Excessive use of alcohol and drugs.
- Absence of social acceptance.
- Any previous mental health problems.
Mental illness is the major reason for disability. Uncured mental diseases can cause severe emotional, behavioral, and physical health issues. Some of the Complications that are usually linked to mental illness are listed below;
- Financial problems in life.
- Sadness and reduced enjoyment of life
- Family issues
- Difficulties in relationships
- Increased social isolation
- Lack of basic facilities
- Self-harm provoking thoughts and suicidal attempts
- The weakness of the immune system, so the body is not able to fight with infections
- Heart Problems and other medical complications
The steps for diagnosis may include;
- A complete medical history of the patient
- Physical examination and lab test reports
- A thorough psychological evaluation
Treatment Strategies for mental disorders?
Treatment plans are made according to the severity of mental disorders and their type. Your health provider may work on a treatment plan just made for you. It may involve some type of therapy. You may also take medicines. There is an ultimate need for social support and education on managing the condition of the patient. You may need some more medical attention. If the condition is severe, then the patient may be admitted to the psychiatric hospital. This may be due to the chance of self-harm of the patient.
Mental illness may be prevented by taking some essential steps, like controlling the stress-related factors, boosting strength, and low self-esteem. This may help in controlling the symptoms of mental disorders. Some of the steps can be followed to prevent mental problems severity;
Keep a close eye to warning signs
Keeping a close eye to the factors that might trigger the symptoms can help in preventing mental illness. Working in collaboration with healthcare providers is an essential thing to reduce the symptoms. Family members and friends can be involved to notice the signs and symptoms of the patient.
Regular medical attention
Don’t miss the regular checkups and visits to the health care providers till then you are not feeling well completely. You may suffer a new health problem that needs to be cured or you may be feeling the side effects of medical therapy.
Get help immediately
You must seek medical help before the symptoms get severe. To prevent relapse of the symptoms, long term treatment should be followed.
Take care of Yourself
Healthy eating, sound sleep, and regular exercise are important. Try to follow a regular schedule for physical activity. Discuss with your health providers if you are facing difficulty in sleeping.
Mental Health Month is celebrated in May every year. The purpose of this celebration is to spread awareness about mental illnesses. Mental health month calendar is set to educate the public about different mental conditions like depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. Symptoms of mental illness may differ depending on the disorders, situations, and some other factors. Mental disorders are caused by various genetic and environmental factors.
Some important factors can elevate the risk of the development of mental health issues, like family history, social isolation, stress, etc.
Mental illness is the major reason for disability. Uncured mental diseases can cause severe emotional, behavioral, and physical health issues. Treatment plans are made according to the severity of mental disorders and their type.
Mental illness may be prevented by taking some essential steps, like controlling the stress-related factors, boosting strength, and low self-esteem.
Read a detailed article about Factors of risk in mental health